What is Spiritual Anxiety?

Spiritual anxiety, also known as existential anxiety or spiritual crisis, can be a challenging and complex experience to navigate.

Hey there! If you’re reading this, you’re likely curious about spiritual anxiety. You may be experiencing it yourself, or you may be trying to understand someone else who is. Either way, you’ve come to the right place. 

Spiritual anxiety is a topic close to my heart because I’ve been there. As a teenager, I struggled with existential questions, you know, the classics: “Why am I here?”, “What is the purpose of life?”, “Is there an afterlife?”, etc. It was a tough time, but it also led me to Zen Buddhism, a path of self-discovery and growth that continues to this day. 

In this article, I want to share what I’ve learned about spiritual anxiety, including its symptoms, causes, and ways to manage it. So whether you’re here out of curiosity or necessity, I hope you’ll find some insights and inspiration that resonate with you. Let’s dive in!

What Is Spiritual Anxiety?

Spiritual anxiety is a form of anxiety that arises from questions about the meaning and purpose of life, the existence of a higher power, and the nature of the universe. 

It can manifest as a deep unease, fear, or uncertainty about one’s spiritual beliefs and experiences. People experiencing spiritual anxiety may feel disconnected from their spiritual beliefs or struggle to find meaning and purpose, leading to despair and hopelessness. 

What Are The Causes of Spiritual Anxiety?

Spiritual anxiety can be triggered by a range of factors. Understanding the potential causes of spiritual anxiety can help individuals identify and manage their symptoms and seek appropriate support. Here are the major causes of spiritual anxiety:

  • Existential Questions: Spiritual anxiety can arise from questions about the meaning of life and the existence of a higher power. People may feel overwhelmed by the sheer enormity of these questions, leading to uncertainty and fear. They may feel disconnected from their beliefs and struggle to find meaning and purpose.
  • Fear of Not Being Spiritual Enough: Individuals may experience spiritual anxiety when they feel they are not meeting their spiritual expectations. They may worry that they need to practice their spirituality in the right way or that they need to make more progress on their spiritual journey.
  • Fear of Judgment or Punishment: Some people may fear judgment or punishment from a higher power or spiritual community, leading to anxiety about their beliefs and practices. They may worry they are not meeting certain expectations or will be punished for their actions.
  • Triggered By Life Events: Major events such as losing a loved one or a significant life change can trigger spiritual anxiety. These events may cause people to question their beliefs and search for meaning and purpose.
  • Attachment To The Self: From a Buddhist perspective, the cause of spiritual anxiety is attachment to the self. When individuals become attached to their beliefs and desires, they may develop an unyielding sense of self and struggle to find meaning and purpose beyond their own identity. This attachment can lead to fear and anxiety when beliefs are challenged, or expectations are unmet.

What Are the Symptoms of Spiritual Anxiety?

Spiritual anxiety can cause emotional and physical symptoms that may impact an individual’s sense of purpose and relationship with their life. 

It is important to be aware of the signs of spiritual anxiety to identify when additional support may be needed. Here are the major symptoms of spiritual anxiety:

  • Intrusive Thoughts: Individuals with spiritual anxiety may experience intrusive thoughts about the meaning of life, death, and the existence of a higher power. These thoughts may be unwanted and persistent, causing significant distress and anxiety.
  • Persistent Worry or Anxiety: Spiritual anxiety can manifest as persistent worry or anxiety about one’s spiritual beliefs and experiences. People may feel overwhelmed by their thoughts and concerns, leading to significant emotional distress.
  • Doubt or Loss of Faith: People experiencing spiritual anxiety may question their beliefs and doubt the existence of a higher power or the validity of their spiritual practices. This can lead to a loss of faith and feelings of uncertainty.
  • Fear of Spiritual Consequences: Individuals with spiritual anxiety may fear negative consequences such as punishment from a higher power or negative spiritual consequences for their actions or beliefs.
  • Feeling Disconnected: Spiritual anxiety can cause individuals to feel disconnected from their spirituality and lives. They may feel a sense of emptiness, lack of purpose, and disconnection from their surroundings. 
  • Difficulty Finding Meaning or Purpose: Individuals with spiritual anxiety may struggle to find meaning and purpose. They may feel uncertain about their beliefs and struggle to find direction or fulfillment.
  • Guilt or Shame: Spiritual anxiety can lead to guilt or shame about one’s beliefs or actions. People may need to meet certain expectations or fail in their spiritual journey.
  • Depression: Individuals with spiritual anxiety may also experience depression, feeling hopeless or despair about their spiritual beliefs and experiences. Spiritual depression can sadly lead to suicide.

How Can I Manage My Spiritual Anxiety? 

Managing spiritual anxiety can be challenging, but there are effective ways to cope with it. Re-evaluating your beliefs and values and engaging in self-care practices are two ways that can help manage spiritual anxiety. Engaging in self-care practices such as meditation (), mindful breathing, and gratitude can also help cultivate a sense of peace and balance.

Re-evaluate Your Beliefs And Values

Managing spiritual anxiety can be challenging, but there are effective ways to cope with it. Re-evaluating your beliefs and values and engaging in self-care practices are two ways that can help manage spiritual anxiety. 

  • Reflect on your beliefs: Take time to reflect on your beliefs and how they impact your thoughts and emotions. Understanding your belief system and how it shapes your worldview is important.
  • Examine the source of your beliefs: Consider where your beliefs come from and how they have developed over time. Understanding the origin of your beliefs can help you gain insight into why you hold certain beliefs and how they affect you.
  • Consider the impact of your beliefs on your daily life: Evaluate how your beliefs affect your daily life and interactions with others. This can help you identify negative patterns or behaviors contributing to your spiritual anxiety.
  • Challenge negative or irrational beliefs: Recognize and challenge any negative or irrational beliefs contributing to your spiritual anxiety. This can involve questioning the validity of certain beliefs and reframing them more positively or constructively.
  • Seek new information about your beliefs: Explore different perspectives and seek new information to deepen your understanding. This can help you develop a more well-rounded and nuanced understanding of your spirituality.
  • Engage in open-minded discussions: Discuss your beliefs with others and engage in open-minded discussions to gain new insights and perspectives. This can help you broaden your understanding of spirituality and develop a greater sense of connection with others.
  • Explore other spiritual practices: Try exploring new spiritual practices or incorporating different practices into your routine. This can help you expand your understanding of spirituality and find new ways to connect with the world around you.
  • Be open to change: Remain open to changing your beliefs and perspectives as you continue to reflect and learn more about yourself and your spirituality. Remember that spiritual growth is a lifelong journey, and it’s okay to change your beliefs as you evolve and grow.

Engage in Self-Care Practices

Engaging in self-care practices can help manage spiritual anxiety. It involves taking intentional steps to care for your physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being. Self-care practices can include meditation, mindfulness, exercise, healthy eating, and spending time in nature. These practices can help reduce stress, increase positive emotions, and promote a sense of calm and well-being. 

  • Cultivate a regular meditation practice: Meditation (sitting or walking) can help quiet the mind, reduce stress, and promote inner peace. Set aside time each day to sit quietly and focus on your breath or a mantra.
  • Engage in mindful breathing exercises: Mindful breathing exercises involve focusing on your breath and noticing how it feels as it moves in and out of your body. This practice can help ground you in the present moment and reduce anxiety.
  • Live In The Present Moment: Rather than dwelling on the past or worrying about the future, focus on being present in the current moment. Pay attention to your surroundings and engage fully in your activities.
  • Letting Go: This involves releasing attachments to things that cause anxiety, such as negative thoughts or beliefs. Acknowledge them and then consciously let them go.
  • Practice gratitude: Focusing on things you are grateful for can help shift your perspective to a more optimistic one. Take time each day to write down things you’re grateful for, no matter how small.
  • Connect with nature: Spending time in nature can have a calming effect on the mind and body, and it helps reconnect with reality and the present moment. Take a walk in a park or hike in the mountains to connect with the natural world around you.
  • Practice self-compassion: Be kind and understanding towards yourself rather than self-critical. Treat yourself with the same kindness and compassion you would offer a friend.
  • Spend time with loved ones: Social support can be a powerful antidote to anxiety. Spend time with people who make you feel good and supported.
  • Take a break from technology and social media: Constantly checking emails, social media, or news feeds can exacerbate anxiety. Take a break from screens and technology to recharge and relax.

Seek Support

Seeking support is an important step toward managing spiritual anxiety. Whether through a spiritual mentor, counselor, or mental health professional, seeking support can help you gain perspective on your beliefs and feelings and provide tools to cope with them. 

  • Seek support from a spiritual mentor or counselor: Seeking guidance from a spiritual mentor or counselor can provide valuable insight and support when dealing with spiritual anxiety. They can offer a safe space to explore your beliefs, help you identify negative thought patterns, and offer practical tools to manage your symptoms.
  • Seek professional mental health support: Seeking support from a mental health professional can be an effective way to manage spiritual anxiety. A trained therapist can help you identify the underlying causes of your anxiety, provide tools to manage symptoms and offer support in a non-judgmental environment. They can also help you address any co-occurring mental health conditions contributing to your symptoms.


In conclusion, spiritual anxiety can be a challenging experience, but it is not uncommon. It is essential to recognize the symptoms and causes to find ways to manage and overcome them. 

We can better understand our beliefs and find meaning and purpose through reflection, mindfulness, and self-care practices. Seeking support from spiritual mentors, counselors, or mental health professionals can also be incredibly helpful. 

As someone who experienced spiritual anxiety in my teenage years, I can attest to the effectiveness of Zen Buddhist practices like meditation and mindfulness in combating spiritual anxiety. 

Remember to take care of yourself and be open to change; with time, you can overcome spiritual anxiety and find inner peace.